From Gaia Science Alerts Working Group
M dwarf flares
Statistical study of M dwarf flares in Stripe 82 is presented in Kowalski et al. 2009.
- Colour range for M-dwarfs (r − i) > 0.53 and (i − z) > 0.3 and (u-r) > 3
- The most flaring are late type M-dwarfs (M4-M6), earlier types (M2-M3) flare half as often as late types and M0-M1 dwarfs flare only 20% as often as late types.
- flares are the most pronounced in u-band
- around 35% of M-dwarfs are in binary systems - these have bluer u-g. Most single M-dwarfs will have u-g > 1.8
- g - K > 4 - significantly brighter in IR (2MASS cross-match) than Visual.
- amplitude in u > 0.7 mag up to 5 mag.
- large and small flares possible on the same star
- flaring fraction: 0.0108%, i.e. 1 of every 10,000 observation of a M-dwarf in Stripe 82 resulted in a flare
- Sloan (5yrs) flaring star probabilities for different types of Mdwarf: M0-M1: 38/35,000; M2-M3: 79/13,000; M4-M6: 119/2120.
- 1.3 flares per hour sq.deg with <math>\Delta u > 0.7</math> mag, with slightly more flares towards the galactic plane.
Light curve examples